Handbook of Fire & Explosion Protection Engineering Principles for Oil, Gas, Chemical, & Related Facilities

Handbook of Fire & Explosion Protection Engineering Principles for Oil, Gas, Chemical, & Related Facilities, 1st Edition

Handbook of Fire & Explosion Protection Engineering Principles for Oil, Gas, Chemical, & Related Facilities, 1st Edition,Dennis P. Nolan,ISBN9780815517528


William Andrew



Personnel involved with fire and explosion protection aspects of critical hydrocarbon facilities.

eBook Overview

VST (VitalSource Bookshelf) format

DRM-free included formats : PDF

USD 160.00
Add to Cart


The security and economic stability of many nations and multinational oil companies are highly dependent on the safe and uninterrupted operation of their oil, gas and chemical facilities. One of the most critical impacts that can occur to these operations are fires and explosions from accidental or political incidents. This publication is intended as a general engineering handbook and reference guideline for those personnel involved with fire and explosion protection aspects of critical hydrocarbon facilities. Design guidelines and specifications of major, small and independent oil companies as well as information from engineering firms and published industry references have been reviewed to assist in its preparation. Some of the latest published practices and research into fire and explosions have also been mentioned.


Safety engineers, plants managers and hygiene personnel in the chemical and petrochemical industries.

Dennis P. Nolan

Dr. Dennis P. Nolan has had a long career devoted to risk engineering, fire protection engineering, loss prevention engineering and systems safety engineering. He holds a Doctor of Philosophy degree in Business Administration from Berne University, Master of Science degree in Systems Management from Florida Institute of Technology and a Bachelor of Science Degree in Fire Protection Engineering from the University of Maryland. He is a U.S. registered professional engineer in fire protection engineering in the state of California.He is currently on the Executive Management staff of Saudi Aramco, located in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, as a Loss Prevention Consultant/Chief Fire Prevention Engineer. He covers some of the largest oil and gas facilities in the world. As part of his career, he has examined oil production, refining, and marketing facilities under severe conditions and in various unique worldwide locations, including Africa, Asia, Europe, the Middle East, Russia, and North and South America. His activity in the aerospace field has included engineering support for the NASA Space Shuttle launch facilities at Kennedy Space Center (and for those undertaken at Vandenburg Air Force Base, California) and “classified” national defense systems. Dr. Nolan has received numerous safety awards and is a member of the American Society of Safety Engineers, He is the author of many technical papers and professional articles in various international fire safety publications. He has written at least four books, several published by Elsevier.

Affiliations and Expertise

Loss Prevention Manager and Chief Fire Prevention Engineer, Saudi Aramco

View additional works by Dennis P. Nolan

Handbook of Fire & Explosion Protection Engineering Principles for Oil, Gas, Chemical, & Related Facilities, 1st Edition

1. Introduction
Historical Background
Legal Influences
Hazards and Their Prevention
Systems Approach
Fire Protection Engineering Role
Risk Management and Insurance
Senior Management Responsibility and Accountability
2. Overview of Oil and Gas Facilities
Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR)
Secondary Recovery
Tertiary Recovery
Typical Refinery Process Flow
3. Philosophy of Protection Principals
General Philosophy
Worst Case Conditions
Independent Layers of Protection (ILP)
Design Principles
Accountability and Auditability
4. Physical Properties of Hydrocarbons
Characteristics of Hydrocarbons
Lower Explosive Limit (LEL)/Upper Explosive Limit (UEL)
Flash Point (FP)
Autoignition Temperature (AIT)
Vapor Density
Vapor Pressure
Specific Gravity
Heat of Combustion
Description of Some Common Hydrocarbons
5. Characteristics of Hydrocarbon Releases, Fires and Explosions
Hydrocarbon Releases
Gaseous Releases
Mists or Spray Releases
Liquid Releases
Nature and Chemistry of Hydrocarbon Combustion
Hydrocarbon Fires
Nature of Hydrocarbon Explosions
Semi-Confined Explosion Overpressures
Vapor Cloud Explosion Overpressures
Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosions (BLEVE)
Smoke and Combustion Gases
Mathematical Consequence Modeling
Methods of Flame Extinguishment
Selection of Fire Control and Suppression Methods
Terminology of Hydrocarbon Explosions and Fires
6. Historical Survey of Fire and Explosions in the Hydrocarbon Industries
Relevancy of Incidents
Offshore Oil Production and Exploration (USA)
7. Risk Analysis
Safety Flow Chart
Risk Identification and Evaluation
Risk Acceptance Criteria
Relevant and Accurate Data Resources
8. Segregation, Separation and Arrangement
Manned Facilities and Locations
Storage FacilitiesùTanks
Process Units
Critical Utilities and Support Systems
Fire Zones
Facility Access and Egress
9. Grading, Containment, and Drainage Systems
Drainage Systems
Surface Drainage
Spill Containment
10. Process Controls
Human Observation
Instrumentation and Automation
Electronic Process Control
Process System Instrumentation and Alarms
Transfer and Storage Controls
Burner Management Systems
11. Emergency Shutdown
Definition and Objective
Design Philosophy
Activation Mechanisms
Levels of Shutdown
Reliability and Fail Safe Logic
ESD/DCS Interfaces
Activation Points
Activation Hardware Features
Isolation Valve Requirements
Emergency Isolation Valves (EIV)
Subsea Isolation Valves (SSIV)
Protection Requirements
System Interactions
12. Depressurization, Blowdown and Venting
13. Overpressure and Thermal Relief
Pressure Relief Valves (PSV)
Thermal Relief
Solar Heat
Pressure Relief Device Locations
14. Control of Ignition Sources
Open Flames, Hot Work and Smoking
Electrical Arrangements
Electrical Area Classification
Classified Locations and Release Sources
Protection Measures
Relocation of Devices
Surface Temperatures
Internal Combustion Engines
Spark Arrestors
Hand Tools
15. Elimination of Process Releases
Inventory Reduction
Vents and Relief Valves
Sample Points
Drainage Systems
Storage Facilities
Pump Seals
Vibration Stress Failure of Piping
Rotating Equipment
16. Fire and Explosion Resistant Systems
Definition of Explosion Potentials
Explosion Protective Design Arrangements
Vapor Dispersion Enhancements
Damage Limiting Construction
Fireproofing Specifications
Fireproofing Materials
Radiation Shields
Water Cooling Sprays
Vapor Dispersion Water Sprays
Locations Requiring Consideration of Fire Resistant Measures
Flame Resistance
Fire Dampers
Smoke Dampers
Flame and Spark Arrestors
Piping Detonation Arrestors
17. Fire and Gas Detection and Alarm Systems
Fire and Smoke Detection Methods
Human Surveillance
Manual Activation Callpoint (MAC)/Manual Pull Station (MPS)
Telephone Reporting
Portable Radios
Smoke Detectors
Thermal or Heat Detectors
Optical (Flame) Detectors
Gas Detection
Typical Hydrocarbon Facility Applications
Catalytic Detectors
Infra-Red (IR) Beam Gas Detection
Alarm Setting
Hazardous Area Classification Rating
Fire and Gas Detection Control Panels
Graphic Annunciation
Power Supplies
Emergency Backup Power
Time Delay
Voting Logic
Cross Zoning
Executive Action
Circuit Supervision
18. Evacuation
Alarms and Notifications
Alarm Initiation
Evacuation Routes
Emergency Doors, Exits, and Escape Hatches
Marking and Identification
Emergency Illumination
Offshore Evacuation
North/South Atlantic and North/South Pacific Environments
Temperate and Tropic Environments
Means of Egress
Flotation Assistance
19. Methods of Fire Suppression
Portable Fire Extinguishers
Water Suppression Systems
Water Supplies
Fire Pumps
Fire Pump Standards and Tests
Firewater Distribution Systems
Firewater Control and Isolation Valves
Sprinkler Systems
Water Deluge Systems
Water Spray Systems
Water Flooding
Steam Smothering
Water Curtains
Blow Out Water Injection System
Hydrants, Monitors and Hose Reels
Foamwater Suppression Systems
Gaseous Systems
Chemical Systems
Dual Agent Systems
20. Special Locations, Facilities and Equipment
Arctic Environments
Desert Environments
Offshore Facilities
Offshore Floating Exploration and Production Facilities
WellheadsùExploration (Onshore and Offshore)
Loading Facilities
Electrical Equipment and Communication Rooms
Battery Rooms
Enclosed Turbines or Gas Compressor Packages
Heat Transfer Systems
Cooling Towers
Oil Filled Transformers
Hydrocarbon Testing Laboratories
Cafeterias and Kitchens
21. Human Factor and Ergonomic Considerations
Human Attitude
Access and Acceptability
Instructions, Markings and Labeling
Color and Identification
Numbering and Identification
Instrumentation Alarm Overload
Noise Control
Accommodation of Religious Functions
Appendix A: Testing Firewater Systems
Appendix B: Reference Data
Acronym List
Free Shipping
Shop with Confidence

Free Shipping around the world
▪ Broad range of products
▪ 30 days return policy

Contact Us