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Fundamentals of Air Pollution
 
 

Fundamentals of Air Pollution, 5th Edition

 
Fundamentals of Air Pollution, 5th Edition,Daniel Vallero,ISBN9780124017337
 
 
 

  

Academic Press

9780124017337

9780124046023

996

276 X 216

A comprehensive and interdisciplinary approach to the science and engineering behind understanding, measuring, and managing air quality

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Key Features

  • Stronger systems approach, emphasizing the impact of air pollution on ecosystems and human health
  • Risks, measures, models, and control of air pollution are discussed at scale – starting at the individual/niche level and expanding to planetary/global scale
  • Increased emphasis on international issues, including coverage of European initiatives and discussions of the impact of emerging economies like India and China
  • Updated references, standards, and methods throughout the book make this the most current air pollution text/reference on the market
  • All new end-of-chapter problems enhance its usefulness as a course text

Description

Fundamentals of Air Pollution is an important and widely used textbook in the environmental science and engineering community. This thoroughly revised fifth edition of Fundamentals of Air Pollution has been updated throughout and remains the most complete text available, offering a stronger systems perspective and more coverage of international issues relating to air pollution. Sections on pollution control have been reorganized and updated to demonstrate the move from regulation and control approaches to green and sustainable engineering approaches.

The fifth edition maintains a strong interdisciplinary approach to the study of air pollution, covering such topics as chemistry, physics, meteorology, engineering, toxicology, policy, and regulation. New material includes near-road air pollution, new risk assessment approaches, indoor air quality, the impact of biofuels and fuel additives, mercury emissions, forecasting techniques, and the most recent results from the National Air Toxics Assessment.

Readership

Students in senior and graduate courses in air pollution and control taught in departments of environmental science and engineering, atmospheric science, and public health; practitioners looking for the latest information on pollution science.

Daniel Vallero

Dr. Daniel A. Vallero is an internationally recognized expert in environmental science and engineering. His four decades of research, teaching and professional experience in hazardous waste engineering and management have addressed a wide range of human health risk and ecological issues, from global climate change to the release of hazardous wastes. His research has advanced the state-of-the-science of air and water pollution measurement, models of potential exposures to chemicals in consumer products, and environmental impact assessments. He established the Engineering Ethics program and is a key collaborator in the Responsible Conduct of Research Program at Duke University. These programs introduce students, from first-year through PhD, to the complex relationships between science, technology and societal demands on the engineer. The lessons learned from the cases in this book are a fundamental part of Duke’s preparation of its future engineers to address the ethical dilemmas likely to be encountered during the careers of the next generation engineers. Dr. Vallero received a bachelor’s degree from Southern Illinois University, a Master of Science in City & Regional Planning from SIU, a Masters in Civil & Environmental Engineering (Environmental Health Sciences) from the University of Kansas, and a PhD in Civil & Environmental Engineering from Duke.

Affiliations and Expertise

Pratt School of Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA

View additional works by Daniel Vallero

Fundamentals of Air Pollution, 5th Edition

  • Preface
  • Part I. Foundations of air Pollution
    • Introduction
    • Chapter 1. The State of the Atmosphere
      • 1.1. Introduction
      • 1.2. Physical and Chemical Properties of the Atmosphere
      • 1.3. Atmospheric Chemical Concentrations
      • 1.4. Fluid Properties and Dynamics
    • Chapter 2. The Physics of the Atmosphere
      • 2.1. Energy
      • 2.2. Motion
      • 2.3. Energy–Motion Relationships
      • 2.4. Local Wind Systems
      • 2.5. General Circulation
    • Chapter 3. The Science of Air Pollution
      • 3.1. Air Pollution in Perspective
      • 3.2. Emergence of Air Pollution Science, Engineering, and Technology
      • 3.3. What is Air Pollution?
      • 3.4. Atmospheric Transport and Fate
      • 3.5. Air Pollution Engineering
      • 3.6. Social Aspects of Air Pollution
      • 3.7. Air Pollution Laws
      • 3.8. Air Pollution before the Industrial Revolution
      • 3.9. Air Pollution and the Industrial Revolution
      • 3.10. Air Pollution Events in the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries
      • 3.11. The Future
    • Chapter 4. Air Pollution Decision Tools
      • 4.1. Introduction
      • 4.2. Interpreting Data
      • 4.3. Rare Events: Perfect Storms and Black Swans
    • Chapter 5. Life Cycle Assessment of Air Pollutants
      • 5.1. Systems context for air pollution
      • 5.2. Energy
      • 5.3. Energy life cycles
      • 5.4. Environmental justice during extraction
      • 5.5. Fuel cycle impacts
      • 5.6. Refining stressors
      • 5.7. Operation stage
      • 5.8. Downstream impacts
  • Part II. The Risks of Air Pollution
    • Introduction
    • Chapter 6. Inherent Properties of Air Pollutants
      • 6.1. Inherency
      • 6.2. Vapor Pressure
      • 6.3. Solubility
      • 6.4. Persistence
      • 6.5. Physical Phase
    • Chapter 7. Air Pollutant Hazards
      • 7.1. Hazards
      • 7.2. Dose-Response
      • 7.3. Air Pollution Hazards
      • 7.4. Air Toxics
      • 7.5. Criteria Pollutants
      • Questions
    • Chapter 8. Air Pollutant Exposures
      • 8.1. Exposure
      • 8.2. Exposure Calculations
      • 8.3. Chemical Intake and Exposure
      • 8.4. Exposure Data
    • Chapter 9. Respiratory Effects of Air Pollutants
      • 9.1. Respiration in Humans
      • 9.2. Lung Kinetics
      • 9.3. Air Pollutant Properties Important to Respiration
      • 9.4. Respiratory System Transport and Fluid Dynamics
      • 9.5. Respiratory Health Effects
    • Chapter 10. Cardiovascular Effects of Air Pollutants
      • 10.1. Human Cardiovascular System
      • 10.2. Cardiovascular Disease and Air Pollution Associations
      • 10.3. Cardiovascular Effects
    • Chapter 11. Cancer and Air Pollutants
      • 11.1. Linking Air Pollution to Cancer
      • 11.2. Estimating Risk from Airborne Carcinogens
      • 11.3. National Air Toxics Assessment
      • 11.4. Cancer Dose–Response
      • 11.5. Airborne Carcinogens
      • 11.6. Indirect Relationships
    • Chapter 12. Reproductive and Hormonal Effects of Air Pollutants
      • 12.1. Reproductive and Developmental Effects
      • 12.2. Endocrine Disruption
      • Questions
    • Chapter 13. Neurological Effects of Air Pollutants
      • 13.1. Neurotoxicity
      • 13.2. Neurotoxic Metals
      • 13.3. Neurotoxic Organic Compounds
      • 13.4. Neurotoxic Particulates
      • 13.5. Relationship to Other Effects
    • Chapter 14. Air Pollution’s Impact on Ecosystems
      • 14.1. Ecosystem Risk
      • 14.2. Ecosystem Susceptibility to Air Pollution
      • 14.3. Air Pollution Impacts on Aquatic Ecosystems
      • 14.4. Air Pollution Impacts on Terrestrial Ecosystems
    • Chapter 15. Air Pollution’s Impact on Materials and Structures
      • 15.1. Abiotic Receptors
      • 15.2. Effects on Metals
      • 15.3. Effects on Stone
      • 15.4. Effects on Fabrics and Dyes
      • 15.5. Effects on Leather, Paper, Paint, and Glass
      • 15.6. Effects on Rubber
      • 15.7. Material Value
  • Part III. Tropospheric Pollution
    • Introduction
    • Chapter 16. Scale and Complexity of Air Pollution
      • 16.1. Mechanical Scale and Complexity
      • 16.2. Air Pollution Variability and Uncertainty
      • 16.3. Air Pollution Scales in Space and Time
    • Chapter 17. Air Pollutant Kinetics and Transformation
      • 17.1. Chemical Transformation
      • 17.2. Kinetics
      • 17.3. Rate Laws and Air Pollution Thermodynamics
      • 17.4. Atmospheric Transformation
    • Chapter 18. Air Pollutant Kinetics and Equilibrium
      • 18.1. Kinetics vs Equilibrium
      • 18.2. Air Pollution Chemodynamics
      • 18.3. Fugacity
      • 18.4. Integrating Inherent Properties and Substrate Characteristics
      • 18.5. Movement into the Atmosphere
      • 18.6. Application of the Octanol–Water Coefficient
      • 18.7. Partitioning between Air and Tissue
      • 18.8. Dynamics within an Organism
    • Chapter 19. Temporal Aspects of Air Pollution
      • 19.1. Time and Air Pollution
      • 19.2. Persistence
      • 19.3. Temporal Aspects of Transformation
      • 19.4. Bioaccumulation
      • 19.5. Temporal Aspects of Toxicokinetics
      • 19.6. Temporal Aspects of Air Quality Models
  • Part IV. Biogeochemistry of Air Pollutants
    • Introduction
    • Chapter 20. The Hydrologic Cycle
      • 20.1. The Water Planet
      • 20.2. The Water Molecule
      • 20.3. The Hydrosphere
      • 20.4. Scale and Complexity of Water Cycles
    • Chapter 21. The Carbon Cycle
      • 21.1. Carbon Chemistry
      • 21.2. Carbon Sinks and Sources
      • 21.3. Carbon Equilibrium and Cycling
      • 21.4. Carbon Cycling and Climate
      • 21.5. Carbon Geoengineering
    • Chapter 22. The Nitrogen and Sulfur Cycles
      • 22.1. The Nitrogen Cycle
      • 22.2. Interactions between Sulfur and Nitrogen
      • 22.3. The Sulfur Cycle
      • 22.4. Other Nutrient Cycles
    • Chapter 23. Metal and Metalloid Cycles
      • 23.1. Heavy Metal Cycling
      • 23.2. Metalloid Cycling
  • Part V. Addressing Air Pollution
    • Introduction
      • V.1. Measured vs Modeled Results
      • V.2. Air Pollution from Source to Dose to Effects
    • Chapter 24. Source Sampling and Emission Measurement
      • 24.1. Sources of Pollution
      • 24.2. Anthropogenic Sources
    • Chapter 25. Methods for Measuring Air Pollutants
      • 25.1. Introduction
      • 25.2. Gases and Vapors
      • 25.3. Particulate Matter
      • 25.4. Measuring Gas and Particulate Phases Together
      • 25.5. Analysis and Measurement of Odors
      • 25.6. Analysis and Measurement of Visibility
      • 25.7. Analysis and Measurement of Acidic Deposition
      • 25.8. Measuring Air Toxics
    • Chapter 26. Applying and Interpreting Air Quality Monitoring Data
      • 26.1. Introduction
      • 26.2. Stationary Monitoring Networks
      • 26.3. Air Pollutant Phases
      • 26.4. Air Pollution from Hazardous Waste Sites
      • 26.5. Quality Assurance
      • 26.6. Monitoring Plan Example
      • 26.7. Laboratory Analysis
      • 26.8. Statistical Analysis and Display
      • 26.9. Criteria and Standards
      • 26.10. Indoor Air
      • 26.11. Personal Monitoring
    • Chapter 27. Modeling Applications
      • 27.1. Value of Models
      • 27.2. Meteorological Bases of Atmospheric Pollution
      • 27.3. Transport and Dispersion of Air Pollutants
      • 27.4. Air Pollution Modeling and Prediction
      • 27.5. Modeling Air Pollution Partitioning
      • 27.6. Exposure and Dose Models
    • Chapter 28. Air Quality Status and Trends
      • 28.1. Introduction
      • 28.2. Tropospheric Ozone and Smog
      • 28.3. Carbon Monoxide
      • 28.4. Nitrogen Dioxide
      • 28.5. Sulfur Dioxide
      • 28.6. Particulate Matter
      • 28.7. Airborne Lead
      • 28.8. Air Toxics
      • 28.9. Acid Deposition
      • 28.10. Stratospheric Ozone
      • 28.11. Global GHGs
      • 28.12. Indoor Air Quality
      • 28.13. Air Quality Indices
    • Chapter 29. Air Pollutant Emissions
      • 29.1. Introduction
      • 29.2. Combustion Emissions
      • 29.3. Stationary Emission Sources
      • 29.4. Air Emissions from Hazardous Wastes
      • 29.5. Mobile Emission Sources
      • 29.6. Means of Implementing Emission Standards
      • 29.7. Air Toxics Emissions
      • 29.8. Emission Inventory
    • Chapter 30. Air Pollution Control Technologies
      • 30.1. Engineering Control Concepts
      • 30.2. Air Pollution Control Devices
      • 30.3. Particulate Matter Control Device Physics
      • 30.4. Removal of Dry PM
      • 30.5. Electrostatic Precipitators
      • 30.6. Scrubbers
      • 30.7. Removal of Liquid Droplets and Mists
      • 30.8. Comparison of Particulate Removal Systems
      • 30.9. Removal of Gaseous Pollutants
      • 30.10. Mercury Removal
      • 30.11. Removal of Odors
    • Chapter 31. Controlling Air Pollution from Sources
      • 31.1. Introduction
      • 31.2. Stationary Source Control Technologies
      • 31.3. Mobile Source Control Technologies
  • Part VI. The Future for Air Pollution Science and Engineering
    • Introduction
    • Chapter 32. Sustainable Approaches
      • 32.1. Introduction
      • 32.2. Utility and the Benefit–Cost Analysis
      • 32.3. Process Change
      • 32.4. Fuel Change
      • 32.5. Removal of Pollutants
      • 32.6. Disposal and Waste Minimization of Pollutants
      • 32.7. Green Principles and Air Quality
      • 32.8. Socioeconomic Costs and Benefits
    • Chapter 33. Grand Challenges
      • 33.1. Introduction
      • 33.2. Grand Challenge #1: Shared Knowledge of Lessons Learned
      • 33.3. Grand Challenge #2: Extending Air Pollution Information
      • 33.4. Grand Challenge #3: Need to Characterize Real-World Exposures
      • 33.5. Grand Challenge #4: Improvements and Adaptations to Control Technologies
      • 33.6. Grand Challenge #5: Systems and Sustainable Thinking
      • 33.7. Grand Challenge #6: Transdisciplinary Science
      • 33.8. Grand Challenge #7: Translational Science
      • 33.9. Grand Challenge #8: Future Generations
  • Abbreviations and Symbols
  • Index
 
 
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