Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, 1st Edition

Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, 1st Edition,Michael Breed,Janice Moore,ISBN9780080453378

Breed  &   Moore   

Academic Press



The Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior has engaged, with great success, the efforts of many of the best behavioral biologists of the 21st century

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Key Features

  • Comprehensive work which covers the usual topics along with emerging areas of animal behavior
  • This encyclopedia contains clear, accessible writing and is well illustrated, including an online video, complimenting a wealth of information
  • As an online reference, this work will be subject to period updating. This ensures that the work always remains current
  • Contains in-depth introductions to the material that make each well-illustrated section come alive with the best the new content the discipline has to offer
  • Glossary includes a compendium of behavioral terms that form a succinct mosaic of virtually every concept and phenomenon related to animal behavior
  • Section editors, drawn from around the world, represent the best and the brightest among today's behavioral biologists and have recruited a broad range of internationally recognized experts
  • Editors-in-Chief are experienced scientists and writers who between them have authored or edited eight books and teach courses in animal behavior at their respective universities


The Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior has engaged with great success the efforts of many of the best behavioral biologists of the 21st century. Section editors drawn from the most accomplished behavioral scientists of their generation have enrolled an international cast of highly respected thinkers and writers all of whom have taken great care and joy in illuminating every imaginable corner of animal behavior.

This comprehensive work covers not only the usual topics such as communication, learning, sexual selection, navigation, and the history of the field, but also emerging topics in cognition, animal welfare, conservation, and applications of animal behavior. The large section on animal cognition brings together many of the world's experts on the subject to provide a comprehensive overview of this rapidly developing area. Chapters relating to animal welfare give a full view of behavioral interactions of humans with companion animals, farm animals, and animals in the wild. The key role of animal behavior in conservation biology receives broad attention, including chapters on topics such as the effects of noise pollution, captive breeding, and how the behavioral effects of parasites interacts with conservation issues. Animal behavior in environmental biology is highlighted in chapters on the effects of endocrine disruptors on behavior and a large number of chapters on key species, such as wolves, chimpanzees, hyenas and sharks.

Clear, accessible writing complements a wealth of information for undergraduate college students about the essential concepts of animal behavior and the application of those concepts across the field. In-depth coverage of concepts, methods, and exemplar organisms serves the needs of graduate students and professionals in the field.

From the use of behavior in assessing the welfare of pigs to the social behavior of insects, from animal empathy to bat brains, this authoritative reference, with its in-depth introductory articles, rich array of illustrations, interactive cross-referenced links, and numerous suggested readings, can guide the student or the professional to an expanded appreciation of the far-flung world of animal behavior. An invaluable tool for teaching and a source of enrichment and detail for any topic covered in an animal behavior course, the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior is the definitive reference work in its field and will be for years to come.


Advanced undergraduates, graduate students and professionals studying or working in animal behavior, behavioral ecology, conservation biology, behavioral biology, ethology, and related disciplines

Michael Breed

After receiving my PhD from the University of Kansas in 1977, I came to Colorado to work as a faculty member at the University of Colorado, Boulder, where I have been ever since. I am currently a Professor in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, and I teach courses in general biology, animal behavior, insect biology, and tropical biology. My research program focuses on the behavior and ecology of social insects, and I have worked on ants, bees, and wasps. I have studied the nestmate recognition, the genetics of colony defense, the behavior of defensive bees, and communication during colony defense. I was Executive Editor of Animal Behaviour from 2006-2009.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA

View additional works by Michael D. Breed

Janice Moore

As an undergraduate, I was inspired by parasitologist Clark P. Read to think about the ecology and evolution of parasites in new ways. I was especially excited to learn that parasites affected animal behavior, another favorite subject area. Most biologists outside the world of parasitology were not interested in parasites; they were relegated to a nether world someplace between the biology of free-living organisms and medicine. After peregrination through more than one graduate program, I completed my PhD studying parasites and behavior at the University of New Mexico. I did postdoctoral work on parasite community ecology with Dan Simberloff at Florida State University, and then accepted a faculty position at Colorado State University, where I have remained since 1983. I am currently a Professor in the Department of Biology where I teach courses in invertebrate zoology, animal behavior, and history of medicine. I study a variety of aspects of parasite ecology and host behavior ranging from behavioral fever and transmission behavior to the ecology of introduced parasite species.

Affiliations and Expertise

Biology Department, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA

Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, 1st Edition

Acoustic Communication in Insects: Neuroethology

Acoustic Signals

Active Electroreception: Vertebrates

Adaptive Landscapes and Optimality

Aggression and Territoriality

Agonistic Signals

Alarm Calls in Birds and Mammals

Alex: A Study in Avian Cognition

Amphibians: Orientation and Migration

Animal Arithmetic

Animal Behavior: Antiquity to the Sixteenth Century

Animal Behavior: The Seventeenth to the Twentieth Centuries

Animal Innovation

Animal Psychology: An Historical Perspective

Animal Training

Ant, Bee and Wasp Social Evolution

Anthropogenic Noise: Impacts on Animals

Anthropogenic Noise: Implications for Conservation

Antipredator Benefits from Heterospecifics

Apes: Social Learning


Aquatic Invertebrate Endocrine Disruption

Avian Social Learning

Avoidance of Parasites

Barn Swallows: Sexual and Social Behavior

Bat Migration

Bat Neuroethology

Bateman’s Principles: Original Experiment and Modern Data For and Against

Bats: Orientation, Navigation and Homing

Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology

Betta Splendens

Beyond Fever: Comparative Perspectives on Sickness Behavior

Bird Migration

Body Size and Sexual Dimorphism




Caste Determination in Arthropods

Caste in Social Insects: Genetic Influences Over Caste Determination

Categories and Concepts: Language-Related Competences in Non-Linguistic Species


Circadian and Circannual Rhythms and Hormones


Co-Evolution of Predators and Prey

Cognitive Development in Chimpanzees

Collective Intelligence

Colony Founding in Social Insects

Communication and Hormones

Communication Networks

Communication: An Overview

Comparative Animal Behavior - 1920-1973

Compensation in Reproduction

Conflict Resolution

Consensus Decisions

Conservation and Animal Behavior

Conservation and Anti-Predator Behavior

Conservation and Behavior: Introduction

Conservation Behavior and Endocrinology

Conservation, Behavior, Parasites and Invasive Species

Cooperation and Sociality

Cost and Benefit Analysis

Costs of Learning

Crabs and Their Visual World

Crustacean Social Evolution

Cryptic Female Choice

Cultural Inheritance of Signals


Dance Language

Darwin and Animal Behavior

Deception: Competition by Misleading Behavior

Decision Making

Decision Making and Learning: The Peak Shift Behavioral Response

Defensive Avoidance

Defensive Chemicals

Defensive Coloration

Defensive Morphology

Development, Evolution and Behavior

Developmental Plasticity

Dictyostelium, the Social Amoeba

Differential Allocation

Digestion and Foraging

Disease Transmission and Networks

Disease, Behavior and Welfare

Distributed Cognition

Division of Labor

Dolphin Signature Whistles

Domestic Dogs

Dominance Relationships, Dominance Hierarchies and Rankings

Drosophila Behavior Genetics

Ecology of Fear

Economic Escape

Ectoparasite Behavior

Electrical Signals

Electroreception in Vertebrates and Invertebrates

Emotion and Social Cognition in Primates

Empathy: Levels of

Empirical Studies of Predator and Prey Behavior

Endocrinology and Behavior: Methods

Ethograms, Activity Profiles and Energy Budgets

Ethology in Europe

European Ethology

Evolution and Phylogeny of Communication

Evolution of Parasite-Induced Behavioral Alterations

Evolution: Fundamentals

Experiment, Observation, and Modeling in the Lab and Field

Experimental Approaches to Hormones and Behavior: Invertebrates

Experimental Design: Basic Concepts

Female Sexual Behavior and Hormones in Non- Mammalian Vertebrates

Field Techniques in Hormones and Behavior

Fight or Flight Responses

Fish Migration

Fish Social Learning

Flexible Mate Choice

Food Intake: Behavioral Endocrinology

Food Signals

Foraging Modes

Forced or Aggressively Coerced Copulation

Future of Animal Behavior: Predicting Trends

Game Theory

Games Played by Predators and Prey

Genes and Genomic Searches

Group Living

Group Movement

Habitat Imprinting

Habitat Selection

William Donald Hamilton (indexed under H)

Hearing in Insects

Hearing: Vertebrates

Helpers and Reproductive Behavior in Birds and Mammals

Herring Gulls

Hibernation, Daily Torpor and Estivation in Mammals and Birds: Behavioral Aspects

Honest Signaling


Hormones and Behavior: Basic Concepts

Hormones and Breeding Strategies, Sex Reversal, Brood Parasites, Parthenogenesis

Horses: Behavior and Welfare Assessment

Hunger and Satiety

Imitation: Cognitive Implications

Immune Systems and Sickness Behavior


Information Content and Signals

Insect Flight and Walking: Neuroethological Basis

Insect Migration

Insect Navigation

Insect Social Learning

Integration of Proximate and Ultimate Causes

Intermediate Host Behavior

Internal Energy Storage

Interspecific Communication

Intertemporal Choice

Invertebrate Hormones and Behavior

Invertebrates: the Inside Story of Post-Insemination, Pre-Fertilization Reproductive Interactions

Irruptive Migration

Isolating Mechanisms and Speciation

Kin Recognition and Genetics

Kin Selection and Relatedness

Kleptoparasitism and Cannibalism

Learning and Conservation

Leech Behavioral Choice: Neuroethology

Levels of Selection

Life Histories and Network Function

Life Histories and Predation Risk


Konrad Lorenz (indexed under L)

Magnetic Compasses in Insects

Magnetic Orientation in Migratory Songbirds


Male Ornaments and Habitat Deterioration

Male Sexual Behavior and Hormones in Non- Mammalian Vertebrates

Mammalian Female Sexual Behavior and Hormones

Mammalian Social Learning: Non-Primates

Maps and Compasses

Marine Invertebrates: Genetics of Colony Recognition

Mate Choice and Learning

Mate Choice in Males and Females

Maternal Effects on Behavior

Mating Interference Due to Introduction of Exotic Species

Mating Signals

Measurement Error and Reliability

Memory, Learning, Hormones and Behavior

Mental Time Travel: Can Animals Recall the Past and Plan for the Future?

Metacognition and Metamemory in Non-Human Animals

Microevolution and Macroevolution in Behavior

Migration and Behavioral Endocrinology

Migratory Connectivity

Molt in Birds and Mammals: Hormones and Behavior

Monkeys and prosimians: Social learning

Monogamy and Extra-Pair Parentage

Morality and Evolution

Motivation and Signals

Multimodal Signaling

Naked Mole Rats: Their Extraordinary Sensory World

Nasonia Wasp Behavior Genetics

Nematode Learning and Memory: Neuroethology

Nervous System: Evolution in Relation to Behavior

Nest Site Choice in Social Insects

Neural Control of Sexual Behavior

Neuroethology: Methods

Neuroethology: What is it?

Non-Elemental Learning in Invertebrates

Norway Rats


Olfactory Signals

Ontogenetic Effects of Captive Breeding

Optimal Foraging and Plant-Pollinator Co-Evolution

Optimal Foraging Theory: Introduction

Orthopteran Behavioral Genetics

Pair-Bonding, Mating Systems and Hormones

Parasite-Induced Behavioral Change: Mechanisms

Parasite-Modified Vector Behavior

Parasites and Insects: Aspects of Social Behavior

Parasites and Sexual Selection

Parasitoid Wasps: Neuroethology


Parental Behavior and Hormones in Mammals

Parental Behavior and Hormones in Non-Mammalian Vertebrates

Parent-offspring Signaling

Parmecium Behavioral Genetics

Patch Exploitation

Pets: Behavior and Welfare Assessment

Pheidole: Sociobiology of a Highly Diverse Genus

Phylogenetic Inference and the Evolution of Behavior

Pigeon Homing as a Model Case of Goal-Oriented Navigation


Pigs: Behavior and Welfare Assessment


Playbacks in Behavioral Experiments

Poultry: Behavior and Welfare Assessment

Predator Avoidance: Mechanisms

Predator Evasion

Predator's Perspective on Predator-Prey Interactions

Problem-Solving in Tool-Using and Non-Tool-Using Animals

Propagule Behavior and Parasite Transmission


Queen-Queen Conflict in Eusocial Insect Colonies

Queen-Worker Conflicts Over Colony Sex Ratio

Rational Choice Behavior: Definitions and Evidence

Recognition Systems in the Social Insects

Referential Signaling

Remote-Sensing of Behavior

Reproductive Behavior and Parasites: Invertebrates

Reproductive Behavior and Parasites: Vertebrates

Reproductive Skew

Reproductive Skew, Cooperative Breeding, and Eusociality in Vertebrates: Hormones

Reproductive Success

Rhesus Macaques

Risk Allocation in Anti-Predator Behavior

Risk-Taking in Self-Defense

Robot Behavior

Robotics in the Study of Animal Behavior

Sea Turtles: Navigation and Orientation

Seasonality: Hormones and Behavior

Seed Dispersal and Conservation

Self-Medication: Passive Prevention and Active Treatment


Sequence Analysis and Transition Models

Sex Allocation, Sex Ratios and Reproduction

Sex and Social Evolution

Sex Change in Reef Fishes: Behavior and Physiology

Sex Changing Organisms and Reproductive Behavior

Sexual Behavior and Hormones in Male Mammals

Sexual Selection and Speciation


Signal Parasites

Slaughter Plants: Behavior and Welfare Assessment

Sleep and Hormones

Smell: Vertebrates

Social Behavior and Parasites

Social Cognition and Theory of Mind

Social Evolution in 'Other' Insects and Arachnids

Social Information Use

Social Insects: Behavioral Genetics

Social Learning: Theory

Social Recognition

Social Selection, Sexual Selection, and Sexual Conflict


Sound Localization: Neuroethology

Sound Production: Vertebrates

Spatial Memory

Spatial Orientation and Time: Methods


Sperm Competition

Spiders: Social Evolution

Spotted Hyenas

Stress, Health and Social Behavior

Subsociality and the Evolution of Eusociality

Swordtails and Platyfishes

Syntactically Complex Vocal Systems

Tadpole Behavior and Metamorphosis

Taste: Invertebrates

Taste: Vertebrates

Termites: Social Evolution

Thermoreception: Invertebrates

Thermoreception: Vertebrates

Threespine Stickleback

Time: What Animals Know

Niko Tinbergen

Trade-Offs in Anti-Predator Behavior


Túngara Frog: A Model for Sexual Selection and Communication

Turtles: Freshwater

Unicolonial Ants: Loss of Colony Identity

Vertebrate Endocrine Disruption

Vertical Migration of Aquatic Animals

Vibration Perception: Vertebrates

Vibrational Communication

Vigilance and Models of Behavior

Vision: Invertebrates

Vision: Vertebrates

Visual Signals

Vocal Learning

Vocal-Acoustic Communication in Fishes: Neuroethology

Water and Salt Intake in Vertebrates: Endocrine and Behavioral Regulation

Welfare of Animals: Behavior as a Basis for Decisions

Welfare of Animals: Introduction

White-Crowned Sparrow

Wintering Strategies

Wintering Strategies, Moult and Behavior


Worker – Worker Conflict and Worker Policing

Zebra Finches


Quotes and reviews

"This beautifully put together three-volume encyclopedia comprises 300-plus entries on a diverse range of topics in the contemporary study of animal behavior. Entries run the gamut from topic-focused (e.g., "Aggression and Territoriality," "Visual Signals") to those treating the behavior of a particular species or taxonomic group (e.g., "Bowerbirds," "Zebrafish"). The set also covers applied research, methodological issues, and historical topics, along with emerging areas of research such as animal welfare and the role of behavior in conservation. Most entries are five to eight pages long, and each concludes with a helpful list of recommendations for further reading and, in some cases, relevant Web sites. Breed and Moore have assembled an outstanding array of contributors, including many recognized experts in the field. The writing is crisp, clear, and to the point. Numerous tables and color figures add to the value of the text, and a lengthy glossary is included at the end of  each volume. Although the sheer range of entries and the overlap among them could be a bit confusing, a "Subject Classification Index" located at the front of each volume organizes relevant entries under major subject headings. The editors state that their primary audience is advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and professionals looking for an overview of topics in animal behavior, and they have succeeded wonderfully in producing an indispensable reference work for this audience. Those who study animal behavior or teach in this field will want these volumes on their shelf. Summing Up: Essential. Lower-level undergraduates through researchers/faculty." --S. C. Baker, James Madison University, CHOICE

Winner of the PROSE Award! The Association of American Publishers award for Professional and Scholarly Excellence/Multivolume Reference/Science

"The study of animal behavior is fascinating for many reasons, not the least of which is the light it may shine on human action. Here editors Breed (Univ. of Colorado) and Moore (Colorado State Univ.) present more than 300 articles on aspects of animal behavior, the work of 400 contributors from around the world. Each signed article begins with an introduction, then addresses the topic in several pages of detail, including supporting figures. Each article ends with a list of books, journal articles, and websites for further reading, some as recent as 2009. Articles may be based on a broad topic ("bird migration"), a more specific topic ("mating interference due to introduction of exotic species"), a specific animal ("spotted hyenas"), or a person ("Niko Tinbergen"). As articles are arranged alphabetically, the astute reader will consult the subject classification index to find all relevant articles. There are, for example, 29 articles classified under Landmark Studies, and five under Networks-Social. Cross-references and a general index are also provided, as well as a glossary. Breed and Moore contributed to Greenwood Press’s 2004 work by the same name, edited by Marc Bekoff (also Univ. of Colorado). Bekoff called that earlier work unrivaled at the time. Consider the current title a worthy successor, geared perhaps toward a slightly older, more educated reader. BOTTOM LINE Highly recommended for academic and public libraries, including those holding the earlier work of the same title." --Teresa R. Faust, Vermont Dept. of Libs., Berlin in LIBRARY JOURNAL

"Every year, Choice subject editors single out for recognition the most significant print and electronic works reviewed in Choice during the previous calendar year. Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior appearing annually in Choice’s January issue, this prestigious list of publications reflects the best in scholarly titles and attracts extraordinary attention from the academic library community. The 2011 feature includes 629 titles in 54 disciplines and subsections." --CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title, 2011

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