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Animal Behavior, 1st Edition

 
Animal Behavior, 1st Edition,Michael Breed,Janice Moore,ISBN9780123725813
 
 
 

  &      

Academic Press

9780123725813

9780080919928

496

279 X 216

An innovative approach to animal behavior focusing on behavioral mechanisms, combined with ecological and evolutionary perspectives.

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Key Features

  • Provides a solid background in the neurophysiological and endocrinological bases of animal behavior as well as exceptionally strong coverage of social behavior
  • Includes behavior and homeostatic mechanisms, behavior and conservation, and behavioral aspects of disease
  • Highlights aspects of behavior that relate to domestic animals in particular
  • Lab manual with fully developed and tested laboratory exercises available for courses that have labs (http://www.elsevierdirect.com/product.jsp?isbn=9780123725820)
  • Companion site for faculty and students to enhance their learning experience at: www.elsevierdirect.com/companions/9780123725813

Description

Animal Behavior uses Tinbergen’s four questions-causation, survival value, ontogeny and evolution-to formulate animal behavior and impart logic to the field of scientific inquiry. Comprised of fifteen chapters, the book opens with a discussion of the physiological aspects of behavior and the intricacies of social behavior as they relate to individual animals’ behavior. After an introduction to evolution and animal behavior, the book discusses the physiological and genetic basis of behavior. It addresses behavioral homeostasis and different aspects of animal behavior, learning, and cognition. The book also connects animal behavior to neural processes, and it discusses the underlying mechanisms of communication. It also offers chapters about behavior ecology in relation to animal behavior, such as movement, foraging, self-defense, mating systems, nesting, parenting and territoriality, and social behavior. The book concludes with a chapter on conservation behavior. In presenting these topics, the book offers an accessible means of studying animal behavior, major principles, mechanisms, and controversies.

Readership

Intermediate and advanced undergraduate students in animal behavior courses

Michael Breed

After receiving my PhD from the University of Kansas in 1977, I came to Colorado to work as a faculty member at the University of Colorado, Boulder, where I have been ever since. I am currently a Professor in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, and I teach courses in general biology, animal behavior, insect biology, and tropical biology. My research program focuses on the behavior and ecology of social insects, and I have worked on ants, bees, and wasps. I have studied the nestmate recognition, the genetics of colony defense, the behavior of defensive bees, and communication during colony defense. I was Executive Editor of Animal Behaviour from 2006-2009.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, U.S.A

View additional works by Michael D. Breed

Janice Moore

As an undergraduate, I was inspired by parasitologist Clark P. Read to think about the ecology and evolution of parasites in new ways. I was especially excited to learn that parasites affected animal behavior, another favorite subject area. Most biologists outside the world of parasitology were not interested in parasites; they were relegated to a nether world someplace between the biology of free-living organisms and medicine. After peregrination through more than one graduate program, I completed my PhD studying parasites and behavior at the University of New Mexico. I did postdoctoral work on parasite community ecology with Dan Simberloff at Florida State University, and then accepted a faculty position at Colorado State University, where I have remained since 1983. I am currently a Professor in the Department of Biology where I teach courses in invertebrate zoology, animal behavior, and history of medicine. I study a variety of aspects of parasite ecology and host behavior ranging from behavioral fever and transmission behavior to the ecology of introduced parasite species.

Affiliations and Expertise

Biology Department, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, U.S.A

Animal Behavior, 1st Edition

CHAPTER 1 Of Cockroaches and Wolves: Framing Animal Behavior.............................. 1

1.1 Introduction: Animal Behavior..............................................................................2

1.2 Wolves: Lessons in Social Behavior.....................................................................4

1.3 Cockroaches: Models for Animal Behavior............................................................7

1.4 The Four Questions Revisited..............................................................................9

1.5 Evolution: A Review..........................................................................................11

1.6 The Study of Animal Behavior: Where Did It Come From?.....................................17

1.7 Umwelt: The World in Which Animals Behave......................................................22

Summary.........................................................................................................22

Study Questions...............................................................................................23

CHAPTER 2 Neurobiology and Endocrinology for Animal Behaviorists......................... 25

2.1 Neurobiology, Endocrinology, and Sensory Systems: An Overview.........................26

2.2 What Does an Animal Behaviorist Need to Know about Neurobiology?..................27

2.3 What Does an Animal Behaviorist Need to Know about Endocrinology?.................38

2.4 What Does an Animal Behaviorist Need to Know about Sensory Systems?...........50

Summary.........................................................................................................63

Study Questions...............................................................................................64

CHAPTER 3 Behavioral Genetics............................................................................. 67

3.1 Introduction: Principles of Behavioral Genetics and the Evolution of Behavior........68

3.2 The Nature versus Nurture Debate....................................................................71

3.3 Evolution and Behavior.....................................................................................74

3.4 The Behavioral Genetics Toolbox........................................................................74

Summary.........................................................................................................95

Study Questions...............................................................................................96

CHAPTER 4 Homeostasis and Time Budgets........................................................... 99

4.1 Introduction...................................................................................................100

4.2 Behavior and Homeostasis.............................................................................102

4.3 Biological Clocks and Circadian Rhythms.........................................................109

4.4 Modern Concepts of Homeostatic Regulation...................................................112

4.5 Time Budgets and Trade-Offs: Balancing Demands in How Animals Budget

Their Time.....................................................................................................118

Summary.......................................................................................................122

Study Questions.............................................................................................122

CHAPTER 5 Learning........................................................................................... 125

5.1 Introduction...................................................................................................126

5.2 Learning and Memory.....................................................................................127

5.3 Basic Models for Learning...............................................................................131

5.4 Social Learning: Traditions and "Cultural" Transmission of Information in

Animals.........................................................................................................140

5.5 Play, Learning, and Development.....................................................................143

Summary.......................................................................................................146

Study Questions.............................................................................................147

 

CHAPTER 6 Cognition........................................................................................ 151

6.1 Introduction: What Is Cognition?....................................................................152

6.2 The Concept of Self......................................................................................159

6.3 Thought, Foresight, and Problem Solving........................................................163

6.4 Intelligence and Social Cognition...................................................................170

6.5 Personality and Behavioral Syndromes...........................................................172

6.6 The Frontal Lobe and Impulse Control............................................................174

6.7 Animal Emotions..........................................................................................175

6.8 Are Cognitive Abilities Under- or Over-Attributed to Animals?............................177

Summary.....................................................................................................179

Study Questions..........................................................................................179

CHAPTER 7 Communication............................................................................... 183

7.1 Introduction: Communication Theory..............................................................184

7.2 The Evolution of Communication...................................................................187

7.3 Modes of Communication.............................................................................189

7.4 Multimodal Signaling and Encoding Complex Messages..................................205

7.5 Runaway Sexual Selection and Signaling........................................................208

7.6 Deceit versus Honest Signaling.....................................................................208

7.7 Game Theory and Communication.................................................................210

7.8 Interspecific Signaling..................................................................................213

Summary.....................................................................................................214

Study Questions..........................................................................................214

CHAPTER 8 Movement: Search, Navigation, Migration, and Dispersal.................... 219

8.1 Introduction.................................................................................................220

8.2 Sources of Navigational Information..............................................................224

8.3 Sensing the Environment in Time and Space..................................................226

8.4 How to Respond to Sensory Information: A Toolbox for Finding the Way............229

8.5 Search........................................................................................................235

8.6 Homing.......................................................................................................236

8.7 Migration.....................................................................................................238

8.8 Dispersal.....................................................................................................246

Summary.....................................................................................................248

Study Questions..........................................................................................249

CHAPTER 9 Foraging.......................................................................................... 253

9.1 Introduction.................................................................................................254

9.2 Diet Choice and Food Selection.....................................................................255

9.3 How Animals Get Food..................................................................................257

9.4 Willing Food.................................................................................................264

9.5 Manipulation of Prey.....................................................................................265

9.6 Parasitic Life Cycles.....................................................................................266

9.7 Foraging and Optimality Theory......................................................................268

9.8 Optimal Patch Choice...................................................................................270

9.9 Optimal Prey Choice.....................................................................................274

9.10 Nutritional Constraints..................................................................................275

Summary.....................................................................................................276

Study Questions..........................................................................................277

CHAPTER 10 Self-Defense................................................................................... 281

10.1 Introduction.................................................................................................282

10.2 Cryptic Behavior: Camouflage........................................................................283

10.3 Vigilance and Alarm......................................................................................289

10.4 Mimicry and Diversion..................................................................................291

10.5 Evasion.......................................................................................................295

10.6 Predator Deterrence and Fighting Back..........................................................296

10.7 Pathogen Avoidance/Deterrence and Sickness Behavior.................................299

Summary.....................................................................................................302

Study Questions..........................................................................................302

CHAPTER 11 Mating Systems.............................................................................. 307

11.1 Introduction.................................................................................................308

11.2 The Evolution of Sex: Why Some Animals Are Called Male and Others Female.....309

11.3 Sexual Selection..........................................................................................314

11.4 Variance in Mating Success..........................................................................318

11.5 Mate Choice................................................................................................319

11.6 Mating Systems: How Many Males, How Many Females?.................................320

11.7 Hormones and Sexual Behavior.....................................................................327

11.8 Hormones, Territoriality, and Aggression.........................................................329

11.9 Sperm Competition......................................................................................329

11.10 Good Genes Models for Choosing a Mate......................................................331

11.11 Forced Copulations......................................................................................334

Summary.....................................................................................................335

Study Questions..........................................................................................335

CHAPTER 12 Nesting, Parenting, and Territoriality.................................................. 341

12.1 Introduction.................................................................................................342

12.2 Nests and Nesting.......................................................................................343

12.3 Parental Investment.....................................................................................347

12.4 Patterns of Parental Care..............................................................................349

12.5 Hormones and Parental Behavior..................................................................353

12.6 Parenting and Conflicts of Interest.................................................................354

12.7 Begging and Weaning Conflict.......................................................................355

12.8 Sibling Conflict ............................................................................................356

12.9 Infanticide...................................................................................................358

12.10 Aggression and Territoriality..........................................................................359

Summary.....................................................................................................362

Study Questions..........................................................................................363

CHAPTER 13 Social Behavior, Cooperation, and Kinship......................................... 367

13.1 Introduction.................................................................................................368

13.2 Altruism or Selfish Interests?........................................................................370

13.3 Schools, Flocks, Hordes, and Herds...............................................................371

13.4 Explaining Cooperation.................................................................................378

13.5 Extreme Cooperation: Eusociality..................................................................384

13.6 Lack of Ecological Choice in Aid-Giving Decisions............................................388

13.7 Social Recognition, Kin Recognition, and Cooperation with Close

Relatives.....................................................................................................388

13.8 Social Symbioses.........................................................................................391

Summary.....................................................................................................394

Study Questions..........................................................................................394

CHAPTER 14 Comparative Social Behavior............................................................ 399

14.1 Introduction.................................................................................................400

14.2 Vertebrate Social Systems............................................................................401

14.3 Invertebrate Eusociality: Workers and the Division of Labor.............................408

14.4 Invertebrate Eusociality: Queens and Reproduction.........................................414

14.5 Invertebrate Eusociality: Colony Defense........................................................417

14.6 Eusocial Invertebrates..................................................................................419

Summary.....................................................................................................428

Study Questions..........................................................................................429

CHAPTER 15 Conservation and Behavior............................................................... 433

15.1 Introduction: Conservation and the Future of Animal Behavior..........................434

15.2 Species Protection in Natural Habitats...........................................................436

15.3 Extinctions and Behavior...............................................................................441

15.4 Reserve Design...........................................................................................445

15.5 Captive Breeding Programs and Reintroductions.............................................452

15.6 The Human-Wildlife Interface in the Suburbs.................................................459

Summary: The Future and Conservation Behavior...........................................463

Study Questions..........................................................................................464

Quotes and reviews

"Breed & Moore present an accessible introduction to behaviour that simultaneously captures the dynamic nature and diversity of the field. The text is focused on functional and evolutionary approaches to questions in behaviour, addressing only the bare bones of neural, physiological and genetic mechanisms. Thorough coverage is provided of empirical and theoretical approaches to learning and cognition, cooperation and social behaviour, foraging and movement, and sexual selection and parental care. Topical and relevant areas are emphasized, such as the intersection between conservation and behaviour, and predicting behavioural responses to climate change."--Animal Behaviour 84 (2012) 289-291

 
 
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